Download A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early by Akira Hirakawa PDF

By Akira Hirakawa

The current quantity is a translation of the 1st of Hirakawa's two-volume background. It
covers the interval from Sakyamuni* Buddha to Early Mahayana* prior to Nagarjuna*
and comprises the classes on which Hirakawa did such a lot of his personal prior study. From
1960 to 1968, he released 3 very important stories on Buddhist associations: Ritsuzo* no
kenkyu* (A examine of the Vinaya-pitaka*), Genshi Bukkyo* no kenkyu (A examine of Early
Buddhism), and Shoki Daijo* Bukkyo no kenkyu (Studies in Early Mahayana Buddhism).
These experiences, all popping out of his curiosity within the vinaya, tested his mastery of
Indian Buddhist institutional heritage. This learn used to be fairly very important in his
formulation of a brand new concept of the increase of Mahayana *. via concentrating on the necessity to identify
an institutional base from which Mahayana arose, Hirakawa argued that stupa* worship
and the formula of Mahayana units of precepts supplied very important facts for the
development of Mahayana Buddhism.

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Extra resources for A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna

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O n e o f the p rim a ry co n cern s o f ihese irajtmtuu w as w h e th e r m oral actions would hav e a n y tlfec t o n ihe person w ho perfo rm ed (hem , T h e first h etero do x leacher, P tira n a , a rg u ed that good a n d bad actions had no p a rtic u la r effect on ihe p erso n who p e rfo rm e d th e m H e d en ied morality, a rg u in g thai even if a person m u rd e re d a n d stole, his aciions cou ld not necessarily be co n sidered b a d since they resulted in no m oral effects. T h e second h etero d o x teacher, M a sk a rin Go£5lTputra, d e n ie d causal- Lty.

O n ly after A n a n d a interceded with the B u d d h a was the e s ta b ­ lish m ent n f an o rd er b f n u n s (6/itkfuni) reluctantly p erm itted . To g overn rhe relations b etw een m o nk s a n d n u n s a n d to p rev en t sexual activity, the B u d d h a established s trin g e n t restrictions co n cern in g the in te r­ actions b etw een (hem . In a d d itio n , n u n s w ere req u ired to observe " e ig h t weighty rule*" (gumdhanna) that m ad e them s u b o rd in a te m ihe o r d e r o f m onks, Despite such restrictions on th ctr activities, m a n y ahlc n u n s w ere active d u rin g the lifetime o f th e B uddha.

B irth d a tc o f the B u d d h a A n u m b e r o f different theories have been a d v a n c e d co n cern in g ihe h l n h d a t e o f th e B uddha. T h e B uddha is said io hav e died at eighty y ears o f age. T h u s , nldst theories arc based on d e te rm in in g the d a te of hi* death a n d then caleuEating back w ard (o arrive a! the d a le o f his birth. O n e o f the most widely aceepied theories is ta p e d on the Sri L a n k a n historical chronicles, th e Dipaaamsa a n d the Mahai'amsa.

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