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E. unit engine motive power delivered per unit solar energy consumed) than ethanol or methanol production. Algae butanol Biobutanol can be made entirely with solar energy, from algae (called Solalgal Fuel) or diatoms. S. Department of Energy Small Business Technology Transfer grant to develop a process aimed at making biobutanol production economically competitive with petrochemical production processes. DuPont and BP plan to make biobutanol the first product of their joint effort to develop, produce, and market next-generation biofuels.

Chapter- 3 Alcohol Fuel Although Fossil fuels have become the dominant energy resource for the modern world, alcohol has been used as a fuel throughout history. The first four aliphatic alcohols (methanol, ethanol, propanol, and butanol) are of interest as fuels because they can be synthesized biologically, and they have characteristics which allow them to be used in current engines. One advantage shared by all four alcohols is octane rating. Biobutanol has the advantage that its energy density is closer to gasoline than the other alcohols (while still retaining over 25% higher octane rating) - however, these advantages are outweighed by disadvantages (compared to ethanol and methanol) concerning production, for instance.

Department of Energy Small Business Technology Transfer grant to develop a process aimed at making biobutanol production economically competitive with petrochemical production processes. DuPont and BP plan to make biobutanol the first product of their joint effort to develop, produce, and market next-generation biofuels. In Europe the Swiss company Butalco is developing genetically modified yeasts for the production of biobutanol from cellulosic materials. The number of biobutanol producers with commercial plants coming on line continues to grow monthly.

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