Download The Particle at the End of the Universe: How the Hunt for by Sean B. Carroll PDF

By Sean B. Carroll

Scientists have simply introduced an old discovery on a par with the splitting of the atom: the Higgs boson, the main to knowing why mass exists has been discovered. In The Particle on the finish of the Universe, Caltech physicist and acclaimed author Sean Carroll takes readers behind the curtain of the massive Hadron Collider at CERN to satisfy the scientists and clarify this landmark event.

The Higgs boson is the particle that greater than six thousand scientists were searching for utilizing the big Hadron Collider, the world’s greatest and optimum power particle accelerator, which lies in a tunnel 17 miles in circumference, as deep as 575 toes underneath the Franco-Swiss border close to Geneva. It took ten years to construct and this seek has now fee over $9 billion and required the collaboration of engineers from a couple of hundred countries.

What is so distinctive in regards to the Higgs boson? We didn’t quite recognize needless to say if whatever on the subatomic point had any mass in any respect till we chanced on it. if truth be told, whereas we have basically solved the mass puzzle, there are issues we didn’t are expecting and percentages we haven’t but dreamed. A doorway is establishing into the brain boggling, a bit scary global of darkish subject. We in simple terms came upon the electron simply over 100 years in the past and contemplating the place that took us—from nuclear strength to quantum computing--the innovations that may consequence from the Higgs discovery might be world-changing.

The Particle on the finish of the Universe not just explains the significance of the Higgs boson but in addition the massive Hadron Collider undertaking itself. initiatives this large don’t ensue and not using a specific amount of conniving, dealing, and coffee skullduggery— and Sean Carroll explores all of it. this can be an impossible to resist tale (including characters now set to win the Nobel Prize between different glories) concerning the maximum medical success of our time.

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Extra resources for The Particle at the End of the Universe: How the Hunt for the Higgs Boson Leads Us to the Edge of a New World

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Teor. Fiz. 29, 258 (1955) [Sov. Phys. : Phys. Lett. : Phys. Rev. : Ann. Phys. : Nucl. Phys. : Phys. Rev. : Nuovo Cim. : The Eightfold Way. : Phys. Rev. 175, 2195 (1968) 48 1 Quantum Chromodynamics and Chiral Symmetry 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. : Phys. Rev. Lett. : Phys. Rev. Lett. : Phys. Rev. Lett. : Phys. Rev. : Rev. Mod. Phys. : Quantum Field Theory. : Field theoretic investigations in current algebra. J. ) Lectures on Current Algebra and Its Applications. : Groups, Representations and Physics.

44 1 Quantum Chromodynamics and Chiral Symmetry rl 7! VR rl VRy þ iVR ol VRy ; ll 7! VL ll VLy þ iVL ol VLy ; ðsÞ vðsÞ l 7! vl À ol H; ð1:163Þ s þ ip 7! VR ðs þ ipÞVLy ; s À ip 7! VL ðs À ipÞVRy : The derivative terms in Eq. , they cancel analogous terms originating from the kinetic part of the quark Lagrangian. There is another, yet, more practical aspect of the local invariance, namely: such a procedure allows one to also discuss a coupling to external gauge fields in the transition to the effective theory to be discussed later.

Phys. Rev. Lett. : Phys. Rev. : Rev. Mod. Phys. : Quantum Field Theory. : Field theoretic investigations in current algebra. J. ) Lectures on Current Algebra and Its Applications. : Groups, Representations and Physics. : Am. J. Phys. : Nuovo Cim. : Ann. Phys. : Ann. Phys. : Quark masses. ) Review of Particle Physics. J. Phys. : Phys. Rep. , Particle Data Group: J. Phys. : In: Nachrichten von der Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Mathematisch-Physikalische Klasse. : Group Structure of Gauge Theories.

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